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aboriginal property rights

A First Nations person on reserve does not enjoy fee simple ownership and does not have the same property rights as all other Canadians who live off reserve. According to the Indian Act, First Nations reserve land is held in trust for on-reserve members by the federal government -- essentially making on-reserve First Nations people wards of the state.
The data shows that spending for First Nations people has risen dramatically, especially when compared with per person spending on all Canadians. Well-intentioned debates over how best to improve the lives of Canada's Aboriginal population are critical. Such debates must start with actual, solid numbers.