Canada’s largest Protestant church has identified three Israeli companies it may target for a boycott over the firms’ operations in Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories.

The United Church of Canada has identified cosmetics company Ahava and home and garden goods manufacturer Keter Plastic as companies doing business in “illegal Israeli settlements,” along with SodaStream, a company that makes home carbonation equipment for soft drinks.

Over the next several months, the United Church will engage in dialogue with these companies regarding their involvement in the settlements and request that they cease all production in the settlements,” the United Church said in a statement last week. “They will be informed that failure to do so will result in economic action against their products.”

The church's General Council approved a report last summer that called the Israeli occupation "the primary contributor to the injustice that underlies the violence of the region" and called the settlements "a serious obstacle" to peace.

The church plans to initiate a dialogue with Canadian retailers carrying the Israeli companies’ products. It lists Canadian Tire, Costco, Future Shop, Home Depot, Rona, Sears, The Bay and Walmart among those retailers.

If the church is unhappy with the responses coming from the companies and retailers, it will urge church members to take up a boycott starting this fall.

But supporters of Canadian-Israeli trade say a boycott of these companies would only hurt the Palestinians it’s meant to aid.

The Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA) says the targeted companies employ “hundreds” of Palestinians and boycotting them would harm their livelihoods.

The church’s position, “which claims to advance Palestinian aspirations by increasing the number of unemployed Palestinians, can only be described as intellectually dishonest,” CIJA said, as quoted by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.

“Its goal seems to be the self-satisfaction of the (church’s) General Council rather than an improvement in the life of the average Palestinian.”

CIJA has launched a counteroffensive “buycott” imploring consumers to purchase products made by the companies targeted by the potential boycott.

Israeli settlements in the occupied territories are generally considered illegal under international law, both due to UN resolutions calling for their dismantling, as well as the Fourth Geneva Convention, which forbids the resettlement of a country’s citizens to territories it occupies.

Canada has had a free trade agreement with Israel since 1996, and the bilateral trade relationship is estimated to be worth about $1.24 billion annually, as of 2005.

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    China's foreign minister reaffirmed support for Palestinian aspirations at the U.N. during a meeting last Friday with a Palestinian envoy. <em>Caption: Bassam al-Salhi (L), the general secretary of the Palestinian People's Party, shakes hands with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi (R) during their meeting at the Foreign Ministry building in Beijing on November 23, 2012. (MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images)</em>

  • France: In Favor

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  • Austria: In Favor

    Martin Weiss, Austria's foreign ministry spokesman, said the country decided to vote for the resolution after it became clear there would be no common EU position. <em>Caption: Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas (L) shakes hands with Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann on November 28, 2011 in Vienna. (DIETER NAGL/AFP/Getty Images)</em>

  • India: In Favor

    <em>Caption: Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (R) shakes hands with Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas (L) after a joint press statement in New Delhi on September 11, 2012. (RAVEENDRAN/AFP/GettyImages)</em>

  • Russia: Probably In Favor

    Russia supported Palestinian membership in the U.N. cultural agency, UNESCO. The Russian Foreign Ministry said the country "believes that the Palestinians have the right for such a move" but it added "we hope that the Palestinian leadership has well calculated possible consequences of such action." <em>In this handout image supplied by the Palestinian Press Office (PPO) Mahmoud Abbas (R), the President of Palestinian authority and Vladimir Putin, the President of Russian Federation, speak at the Presidential Palace, on June 26, 2012 in Bethlehem, West Bank. (PPO via Getty Images)</em>

  • Norway: In Favor

    <em>Caption: RAMALLAH, WEST BANK - JANUARY 12: Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (R) meets Norway's Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere during a meeting on January 12, 2012 in Ramallah, West Bank. (Mohamad Torokman - Pool/Getty Images)</em>

  • Denmark: In Favor

    <em>Caption: In this handout image supplied by the Palestinian President's Office (PPO), Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas meets with Prime Minister of Denmark Helle Thorning-Schmidt on September 26, 2012 in New York City. (Thaer Ghanaim-PPO/Getty Images)</em>

  • Switzerland: In Favor

    The Swiss government called a change in status "both constructive and pragmatic." <em>Caption: Swiss President Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (R) speaks with Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas during an official visit to Switzerland on November 15, 2012 in Bern. (FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)</em>

  • Spain: In Favor

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  • United States: Opposed

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  • Netherlands: Probably Opposed

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  • Australia: Abstain

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