Ontario’s job market is shifting away from full-time, permanent work and towards part-time and temporary work, and middle-wage jobs are being squeezed out in the process, says a new report from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA).

According to CCPA economist Kylie Thiessen, middle-skilled jobs are disappearing and are being replaced by both high-skilled and low-skilled jobs.

“More Ontarians are earning either below $30,000 per year or above $60,000 compared to 2000, while the share of workers earning between $30,000 and $60,000 (in 2011 constant dollars) has shrunk from 31 per cent in 2000 to 26.5 per cent in 2011,” the report said.

Some of that has to do with the rapid erosion of manufacturing jobs, the report argues.

“At the turn of the century, manufacturing jobs made up more than 18 per cent of Ontario’s labour market. By the end of 2013, after shedding 290,000 jobs over 13 years, the manufacturing sector represented only 11 per cent of the jobs in Ontario.”

Story continues below

Loading Slideshow...
  • 10: Quebec City, Quebec

    Previous year's ranking: 51 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 9: Regina, Saskatchewan

    Previous year's ranking: 17 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 8: Edmonton, Alberta

    Previous year's ranking: 11 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 7: Oakville, Ontario

    Previous year's ranking: 5 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 6: Boucherville, Quebec

    Previous year's ranking: 18 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 5: Burlington, Ontario

    Previous year's ranking: 3 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 4: Ottawa, Ontario

    Previous year's ranking: 6 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 3: Strathcona County, Alberta

    Previous year's ranking: 4 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 2: Calgary, Alberta

    Previous year's ranking: 1 Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 1: St. Albert, Alberta

    Previous year's ranking: Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/property/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-time-to-think-small" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • NEXT: THE WORST PLACES TO LIVE IN CANADA

  • 5th worst: Matane, Quebec

    Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 4th worst: New Glasgow, Nova Scotia

    Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 3rd worst: Lachute, Quebec

    Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • 2nd worst: Dolbeau-Mistassini, Quebec

    Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • WORST: Port Alberni, British Columbia

    Source: <a href="http://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking" target="_blank">MoneySense, 2014</a>

  • NEXT: BEST, WORST PLACES TO FIND WORK IN CANADA

  • FIRST: BEST CITIES FOR WORK

  • 10: Toronto

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $56,066 Number of seekers per job: 4.09 Source: Adzuna

  • 9: Winnipeg

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $46,393 Number of seekers per job: 3.61 Source: Adzuna

  • 8: Regina

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $47,700 Number of seekers per job: 3.27 Source: Adzuna

  • 7: Saskatoon

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $52,719 Number of seekers per job: 3.24 Source: Adzuna

  • 6: Halifax

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $39,045 Number of seekers per job: 3.18 Source: Adzuna

  • 5: Lethbridge, AB

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $52,758 Number of seekers per job: 2.91 Source: Adzuna

  • 4: Calgary

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $62,081 Number of seekers per job: 2.31 Source: Adzuna

  • 3: Edmonton

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $56,494 Number of seekers per job: 2.15 Source: Adzuna

  • 2: Red Deer, AB

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $56,040 Number of seekers per job: 1.77 Source: Adzuna

  • 1: Grande Prairie, AB

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $56,265 Number of seekers per job: 1.38 Source: Adzuna

  • NEXT: WORST CITIES FOR WORK

  • 40 (10th worst): Charlottetown, PEI

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $44,092 Number of seekers per job: 14.33 Source: Adzuna

  • 41: Sarnia, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $51,591 Number of seekers per job: 15.22 Source: Adzuna

  • 42: Chatham-Kent, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $45,010 Number of seekers per job: 15.51 Source: Adzuna

  • 43: Brantford, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $45,485 Number of seekers per job: 16.54 Source: Adzuna

  • 44: Kingston, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $50,013 Number of seekers per job: 16.7 Source: Adzuna

  • 45: Sault Ste. Marie, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: n/a Number of seekers per job: 16.84 Source: Adzuna

  • 46: Oshawa, ON

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $42,875 Number of seekers per job: 23.43 Source: Adzuna

  • 47: Chilliwack, B.C.

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $42,053 Number of seekers per job: 23.89 Source: Adzuna

  • 48: Courtenay, B.C.

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $41,300 Number of seekers per job: 27.86 Source: Adzuna

  • 49: Saguenay, QC

    Average salary of advertised jobs: n/a Number of seekers per job: 31.1 Source: Adzuna

  • 50 (worst): Cape Breton, NS

    Average salary of advertised jobs: $37,306 Number of seekers per job: 32.3 Source: Adzuna

The big shift to part-time and temp work began long before the recession of 2008-09, the report notes, with those types of jobs outgrowing full-time jobs since the start of the century.

Service jobs and construction jobs -- the product of Ontario’s ongoing housing boom -- have picked up the slack from manufacturing.

The report notes “a dramatic increase in service-related jobs and precarious work,” with service jobs now accounting for 79 per cent of all jobs up from 73 per cent in 2000. In all, one million service jobs have been created in Ontario since the start of the century.

But the province still hasn’t fully recovered from the recession. Because of population growth, Ontario would need another 270,000 jobs to get back to employment levels seen in 2008, before the recession.

ccpa employment rate

Ontarians are spending more time unemployed when they lose their jobs. The average duration of unemployment is now at 22 weeks, a 50-per-cent increase since 2009, the report says. Only Quebec has longer unemployment duration.

The province’s ongoing housing boom has picked up some of the slack from disappearing manufacturing jobs, with some 140,000 new construction jobs created since 2000.

But about 55 per cent of those new jobs are in Toronto alone, highlighting the fact that inequality among regions is growing.

While job losses have been spread fairly evenly across the province, job gains have been concentrated in certain areas, such as Toronto, Ottawa, Kitchener-Waterloo and Barrie, which all saw more than 20-per-cent increases in jobs since 2000. Hamilton-Niagara, London, Windsor-Sarnia and northwestern Ontario have seen net job losses in that time.

The report said that government austerity at both the federal and provincial level has also contributed to lacklustre job growth in recent years.

ccpa unemployment

Also on HuffPost: