The World Cancer Research Fund announced on Wednesday they have narrowed down how many alcoholic drinks must be consumed to show a link with liver cancer. And apparently it's as few as three.
The findings are part of an ongoing study investigating the effects of diet, activity and weight on cancer risk and survival. The research, which states there is "strong evidence" alcohol and obesity lead to liver cancer, were extracted from 34 international studies involving more than 8 million people, 24,600 of whom were suffering from liver cancer.
According to the WCRF's report, food that is not properly stored can also lead to liver cancer, as the food is likely to develop aflatoxins which are contaminants produced by fungi.
But as far as food goes, there is something in your kitchen that could help set things straight. As reported by the National Cancer Institute last year, enzymes in coffee — both caffeinated and decaffeinated — may be able to protect the liver from harmful effects of cancer.
The things that won't necessarily help you decrease your chances of developing liver cancer might come as a surprise. According to the WCRF, there is limited evidence to suggest increased fish consumption and physical activity will reduce your risk and even less evidence showing a link between grains, fruits, vegetables and protein.
Of course, that information is somewhat contradictory in light of the fact that the WCRF also recommends maintaining a healthy weight in order to prevent liver cancer.
As one of the fastest growing cancers in Canada, in order to prevent the disease, you should limit alcoholic beverages to a maximum of two per day for men and one per day for women. And maybe indulging in a cup of coffee every now and then wouldn't hurt.
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