The zenith of popularity of any given human activity is the creation of a reality television series based on the practice. This week, tattooing took centre stage as the show Ink Master began its second season.
The show pits a number of tattoo artists against one another in the hopes of winning a $100,000 prize. What makes this show so different from others is the elimination round in which the contestants are required to design and apply a tattoo on a willing volunteer. The tattoos are then judged by an expert panel that not only praise the work of excellent artists but also criticize the poor execution and obvious mistakes of the ones worthy of elimination.
While Ink Master is both captivating and entertaining, it also offers only a limited view of the tattoo world and leaves out any impacts on health. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are a number of possible side effects associated with acquiring a tattoo other than perhaps a poorly made creation. Allergic reactions can occur from the individual tattoo dyes, the skin may become colonized and lead to problems and worst of all, a bloodborne infection such as hepatitis C could result.
The risk was so great that in 1999, the Canadian government published a set of infection control guidelines for tattooing and other personal services.
But with the glorification of the tattoo process on one hand and the concerns and advisories on the other, the question of tattoo safety for the public appears to remain unanswered. To give a better understanding of the reality of the tattoo world, I reached out to tattoo artist Lizzie Renaud, who owns the Toronto-based Speakeasy Tattoo and asked her perspective on the concept of safety in the Tattoo Shop. I was amazed not only at her passion for safety but the business sense associated with it.
"Safety is a primary concern for me not because it's a mandatory part of the business but that it actually helps me to keep customers coming in! I'm actually proud to be a sweetheart of the health board and know that there is a buzz out in the community that I'm good and I'm safe."
The assurance of safety is not an easy one though. Based on the guidelines, there are a number of costly precautions such as single use needles, inks and skin barriers; the continual availability of distilled water, and the need for a sterilizing device known as an autoclave -- for the record, Lizzie has two. "Everything has to be sterile," Lizzie adds. "If there is even a remote chance that any piece might be contaminated, I simply will not use it, even the water!" Yet despite these efforts, infections still happen in the tattooing public although as Lizzie explains, the risks have less to do with getting a tattoo and more about showing it off:
"Most people take the advice to heart but I know that there are some eager beavers who rip the bandage off as soon as they leave the shop and continue on with their Friday night plans. The tattoo isn't washed, their friends are touching it, clothes rub on it, and suddenly the prevention of a potential infection is completely out of my hands."
Lizzie's advice is justified as the incidence of skin-related infections is always higher in the presence of a wound. While the likelihood of a serious infection such as flesh-eating disease is infinitesimal, there are other bacteria that can cause problems. The most likely source of infection is Staphylcoccus aureus, which is a part of the skin microflora but can cause problem if allowed under the skin.
The bacterium can cause impetigo and boils but can also cause significantly worse problems if it finds its way into the bloodstream. The threat of this microbe is even greater with the increasing presence of MRSA in the community. Apart from S. aureus, there are a number of other bacteria that can get under the skin to cause problems such as those that cause acne and a recently described bacterium known as Mycobacterium abscessus, which as the name implies, causes abscesses under the skin. The bacterium is also antibiotic resistant and can lead to long term complications of the skin.
Lizzie also points out that because of the number of potential problems outside her shop, she needs to be as vigilant as possible to save not only her reputation but her business. "The majority of people with infections -- which I need to point out is a rare situation -- come in asking how something happened to their tattoo. Almost always, the discontinuation of aftercare salves or ointments is the reason. By being able to spot the difference between a serious infection, a reaction caused by aftercare products, an ink reaction, etc., tattooers make their clients more comfortable. As long as I know I'm taking care of my end of things, I can sleep at night."
Due to these problems, there is an initiative from the City of Toronto to require licenses for tattoo parlours and spas. The move is to ensure safety for the customer and also implement a tracking system for complaints to Toronto Public Health. While this may seem like another governmental burden, Lizzie is more than happy to take part.
"A license for me is much more than a piece of paper saying I can legally do this job; it's a mark of credibility. A lot of shops have opened over the last few years, and some tattooers think that licensing shops will force those less committed to the trade to pack up shop. Tattoos are permanent, and meant to be safe and fun. I have no problem jumping through the hoops of licensing. The industry seemed to have been changing long before I was lucky enough to become a part of it and so change should be nothing I judge or resist now. It's just another day-in day-out part of being a business owner."
The move towards regulation is ultimately good for the public as it moves the personal services industry closer to the health industry. All health institutions and staff are registered with the government and many professionals are regulated under the Regulated Health Professions Act . The stringent requirements listed in the Act may be too severe for tattoo artists but underline the reality that tattooing is in many ways a practice that can impact health. No matter what industry is involved, increased safety - especially against germs - is good for everyone.
As for whether or not there is a tattoo for the Germ Guy in her shop, Lizzie has only one thing to say: "If I find anything that's germy worthy, I'll let you know." Somehow I think even a tattoo expert might find the challenge just a little too much to handle.
Chris Brown shocked fans when he debuted a tattoo of a what looks to be a battered woman on his neck on Sept. 1. Many questioned whether or not it was meant to be Rihanna, but Brown's rep insists his ink is of a sugar skull, which is associated with the Mexican celebration of The Day of the Dead. Days later, Brown debuted his tattoo of a fighter jet, which just so happens to be in the same spot as Rihanna's new ink of the goddess Isis. Hmm....
Here it is: Rihanna's latest tattoo, which she got in honor of her late grandmother. The singer posted the photo on Instagram, writing, "Goddess Isis - Complete Woman - Model for future generations - #GRANGRANDOLLY - always in and on my heart #1love." It's a beautiful tribute, but Chris Brown's follow-up ink makes us question the status of their relationship.
Ke$ha topped the list for worst tattoo back in June when she debuted her new "Suck It!" mouth ink on Instagram. We don't really know why she decided to get this tattooed on her lower lip, but to be honest, we don't really want to ...
Ah, one of the most infamous celebrity tattoos: Angelina Jolie's ink tribute to her ex-husband Billy Bob Thornton, who she was married to from 2000-2003. Jolie has since got her "Billy Bob" tattoo removed and replaced it with the longitudes and latitudes of the birth places of her six children with fiancé Brad Pitt.
Britney Spears was thrilled when she got a tattoo of a Chinese symbol on her hip that stood for "mysterious." Sadly, Spears didn't check what she was permanently putting on her body, considering the symbol ended up standing for "Strange." Whoops ...
Chad Johnson (formerly Chad Ochocinco) was distraught after his wife of a few weeks, reality star Evelyn Lozada, filed for divorce on Aug. 14. The NFL player allegedly head-butted Lozada following an argument, which left him in jail and out of a job. So, in order to prove his love for his wife, Johnson tattooed her face on his right leg. Well, he better start removing that one.
Dean McDermott really loves his wife ... no, really. The actor got Tori Spelling's face tattooed on his left tricep to represent his "undying love" for her. He also has two other tattoos for Spelling, including one of an angel displaying the words "Truly, Madly, Deeply, Tori" and a cross reading "Tori Girl."
Kat Von D probably regrets her decision to tattoo a picture of ex-fiancé Jesse James as a little boy on the side of her body. (The pair split last summer). At least she has enough ink to distract onlookers from catching a glimpse of the now-awkward tattoo.
She may not think it's a bad tattoo, but Kate Gosselin's ankle ink of Pooh Bear is a little disturbing. Then again, we're sure her eight kids love it ... well, until they hit their teens.
Megan Fox might have loved Marilyn Monroe when she decided to ink her famous face on her right forearm, but the actress is currently in the process of removing the tattoo. Why? Fox told <a href="http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/news/megan-fox-why-im-removing-my-marilyn-monroe-tattoo-2011238" target="_hplink">Amica magazine</a> Monroe was "a negative person ... disturbed, bipolar." Adding, "I'm removing it ... I do not want to attract this kind of negative energy in my life."
Kimberly Stewart obviously loves her dad, Rod Stewart, but did she have to go as far as getting "Daddy's Little Girl" tattooed right "there"? Probably not. It just makes us uncomfortable.
Lily Allen's tattoo is pretty self-explanatory. That's why it's just unnecessary. The singer has the word "Shhh..." inked on her finger. Ironically enough, Rihanna <a href="http://www.justjared.com/2009/02/19/lily-allen-copies-rihannas-shhh-tattoo/" target="_hplink">reportedly</a> has the same one!
Margaret Cho started getting major tattoo work done in 2006 and has continued to ink herself over the years. Our favorite piece of body artwork? Her old-timey barmaid garter and gun! One of a kind.
Mike Tyson might have one of the most recognizable tattoos in Hollywood, thanks in part to his cameo in the hit movie "The Hangover." But the ink really got famous when Tyson's tattoo artist sued the producers of "The Hangover 2," claiming the face ink Ed Helms sported was too similar to Tyson's, which he owned the copyright to. The dispute was settled and Tyson's tat is still firmly inked on his face.
Steve-O doesn't just have one bad tattoo, he has dozens. But the "Jackass" star knows his tats are stupid, and that's why he loves them! "I never get a tattoo unless I know it will make somebody smile," he said. Hey, got to love him!
Hayden Panettiere's tattoo can be seen peeking out of her red-carpet dresses, but do you know it has no meaning? The "Nashville" star accidentally misspelled the Italian phrase "Vivere senza rimipianti," which means "to live without regrets" on her back. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/05/21/hayden-panettieres-misspe_n_206263.html" target="_hplink">Her tattoo reads </a>"rimipianti" instead of "rimpianti."
Did you know Mr. Ryan Gosling had tattoos? Well, he does. And surprisingly, he thinks they're pretty stupid. "I like when [tattoos] look bad, but no one will do bad tattoos," he told <a href="http://www.wmagazine.com/celebrities/2010/10/michelle_williams_ryan_gosling" target="_hplink">W magazine</a> in 2010 of his various arm tattoos. "So I did one myself. That"s why it"s bad. I"m waiting to get old -- I think old guys with tattoos look good." We have no doubt Gosling will always look good.
Price check on Pink! The singer has a barcode on the back of her neck, which might just possibly be one of the silliest tats ever. Reportedly the code is made up of her birthdate (9/8/79), the release date of her album "Missundaztood" (11/20/01) and her lucky number (13).
Gucci Mane debuted his new tattoo of an ice cream cone with three scoops and the word "Brrr" across the right side of his face in January 2011. If you're wondering what it means, so are we. According <a href="http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/what-does-gucci-manes-ice-cream-cone-tattoo-mean-20110113" target="_hplink">to his rep</a>, he wants fans to know that he lives his life "Cool as ice... as in 'I'm so icy, I'll make ya say Brrr."
Marc Jacobs has a couple of interesting tattoos, but his most peculiar is an image of Spongebob SquarePants on his right bicep. "I just think the colors of that particular cartoon are really beautiful and really sophisticated and interesting," Jacobs told <a href="http://nymag.com/thecut/2008/02/marc_jacobs_wears_his_spongebo.html" target="_hplink">NY Magazine</a> of the unique ink.
Follow Jason Tetro on Twitter: www.twitter.com/JATetro