It's absolutely gobsmacking how largely a reactionary -- bordering on comatose --- society we have become in many respects, despite the revolutionary scientific advancements, innovative technology and novel communications vehicles we have available at our fingertips.
Childhood obesity is a huge societal file that continues to get tossed around errantly -- as it quietly and not-so-quietly lines the purses of many along the way -- and yet we have seemingly not advanced the dial on it one iota in decades. Instead, we've collectively made it so much worse and now sit stunned and amazed when the "latest" study shows a grim picture becoming downright frightening -- a veritable runaway train.
All I can say is that I hope our children -- the X, Y or whatever generation -- can be more proactive and forward-thinking in addressing the symptoms rather than the problem of this crisis in a more timely manner than our current generation of mainly short-sighted, reactive, so-called leaders.
Let's see now, over the past 30-odd years or less, successive governments and policy-makers have managed to:
- Limit or eliminate physical activity in schools;
- Complicate, hinder or severely comprise free play for children within a community setting by placing locks, stringent rules or money demands on what used to be free and open access to school yard apparatus, tennis courts and other such neighbourhood/community-based activity centres;
- Throw money into studying the issue of why physical activity among kids is going down rather than increasing;
- Allow multinationals with clear agendas -- whose product or services are proven to be contributing factors to the rising rate of unhealthy behaviours --- to knowingly line government and other coffers;
- Continually mis-use or not use already-built activity centres and facilities which could be used for free play rather than remain dormant or silent;
- There are so many others, but I'll stop there.
Obesity is an epidemic. This is NOT new. The rates of diabetes are skyrocketing. This too is NOT new. The societal and financial burden of obesity -- which leads to a litany or is the pre-cursor to a host of other serious medical conditions, including: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, among others -- IS MASSIVE and MOUNTING.
Chances are some of those "crazy concepts" that worked more than 30 years ago could actually have merit. They certainly had a proven track record then.
But here we are continuing to study the what and why. Sure, there is merit in research, but the root causes of obesity could not be more black and white or plain as day.
As a young child and teen in the 70s and 80s, I had:
- Access to regular gym classes in school;
- The ability to try out for school sports teams which had a calendar of games that actually ran throughout the year -- not just an intensive period of practices culminating in a single day-long tournament;
- The ability to go to a local school yard where basketball courts actually had basketball nets;
- Local tennis courts that not only had nets but were NOT padlocked;
- Regular measurement of my physical fitness via a national program which handed out round, colourful badges (gold, silver and bronze, I recall) -- and all done at school;
- Schools which did not have vending machines;
- Ability to go home for lunch and actually eat something healthy because lunch time was longer than 20 minutes;
- Ability to walk to school, freely, from the age of eight without the need for a full, scathing essay about my parents as to why they would allow such a thing;
- Less organized (paid) sports and more free, creative play -- that not only fed the body, but fed the mind and did NOT need parental supervision, because these sports were legal;
- Better-maintained community and activity centres or recreational activities -- already paid for by our tax dollars, rather than the classic skating rink boards that may or may not get put up by the city, only to be left unmaintained (flooding, etc.) for weeks on end during the winter, which generally lasts November through April.
Without a medical or nutrition degree, just plain old common sense, obesity, in my opinion, is as much about what you eat as how much you exercise. Guess what, now we have so many individual groups, each of whom get funded, who come down to that same conclusion. What a waste. Why can't we put that money back into doing more of what worked in the the past and do less of what is an abysmal failure -- i.e. bolstering the coffers of various stakeholders?
Instead of building obesity camps for kids, widening bathroom stalls and airplane seats, instead of accepting the problem -- let us harness our energy into the symptoms and address them one by one. Chances are some of those "crazy concepts" that worked more than 30 years ago could actually have merit. They certainly had a proven track record then.
The fact the Canada's Food Guide has also come under scrutiny of late, we're now also vociferously questioning nutrition labelling, and the list goes on is more than filling up the plate.
How about we look at educating soon-to-be-parents about how to optimally feed their child. How about we make trusted nutrition information widely available in school, the doctor's office and wherever else we deem it necessary.
Education is the only viable, universal solution to the obesity crisis.
Let us also look at bringing back Home Economics or whatever you want to call it into school, so children have some understanding of what's involved in cooking, as an example. As someone once told me, "If you can read, you can cook." It's so true.
Back in 2006, WhereParentsTalk.com produced Yummy In My Tummy, an award-winning DVD featuring the-then president of the Canadian Pediatric Society (Dr. Denis Leduc) and one of Canada's foremost dietitians (Louise Lambert-Lagace), providing golden advice on how to introduce a child to a lifetime of healthy eating habits.
That was 10 years ago, and the problem has gotten progressively worse. How could a small video production company run by two moms have figured it out so many years ago, garnered the backing of leading experts and developed an educational tool in English and French to address this very topic that is used as a resource in several countries.
A resource that addresses the symptoms and the root causes -- not the problem.
Education is the only viable, universal solution to the obesity crisis. And it should start from the second a woman finds out she is pregnant.
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These kids are even more likely to become obese adults.
According to the Center For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 17% (or 12.5 million) of kids and adolescents aged 2 - 19 years in the United States are now obese.
The rate among this age group increased from 5% to 10.4% in 1976-1980 and 2007-2008.
Obese kids are more likely to also be obese as adults, which puts them at risk for heart disease, diabetes, and more adult health problems.
CDC data shows that there was an increase in the pervasiveness of obesity in the American population between 1976-1980 and then again from 1999-2000, the prevalence of obesity increased.
Obesity in low-income 2- to 4-year-olds rose from 12.4% of the population in 1998 to 14.5% in 2003 but increased to 14.6% in 2008.
And only 25% of kids in this age group get the recommended three daily serving of vegetables. One way to make sure your child gets the amount of fruit and vegetables that they need is to serve them at every meal.
In 2011, only 29% of high-schoolers in a survey participated in 60 minutes of physical activity each day, which is the amount recommended by the CDC. It’s best for kids to get three different types of exercise: aerobic activity, like walking or running, muscle strengthening activities like push-ups or pull-ups and bone strengthening activities like jumping rope.
High blood pressure, diabetes and other cardiovascular issues have been previously tied to obesity. But a 2013 study found that obesity also puts kids at risk for other health issues such as ADHD, allergies and ear infections.
This number was documented by the FTC in 2008. According to the APA, there are strong associations between the increase in junk food advertising to kids and the climbing rate of childhood obesity.
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