Nine-year-old boys are asking why they can't have six-pack abs like Jacob from Twilight and eight-year-old girls hate their "chubby" tummies. What can we do as their parents to help them feel better about themselves? How can we teach them to appreciate who they are instead of judging themselves for who they think they're supposed to be?
In my book, The Body Image Survival Guide for Parents: Helping Toddlers, Tweens and Teens Thrive, I offer tips, tools, games and projects to help parents empower their kids with the self-esteem they deserve.
Here are some fun ideas to get you started.
A great way for your son to understand why the bodies he sees on TV are not age appropriate is to show him!
Step 1. Cut out pictures of male models and TV/ film celebrities from magazines.
Step 2. Find pictures of your son as well as other kids in his age group.
Step 3. Cut the heads off of all them (It sounds gruesome, but here comes the fun part!)
Step 4. Start mixing and matching the boys' faces with the adults' bodies so he can see for himself how ridiculous it would look if a real kid had the body of a grown up. Remind him that his body is growing and changing all the time and the best thing he can do is take care of it instead of wasting time wishing it were different. I did this with my 11-year-old and it was a hoot!
"All about ME" book:
Help your child create a scrapbook that's all about them. Use pictures, drawings and whatever mementos you can find to celebrate all of their favourite things, including: hobbies, friends, family, songs, vacations, pets, school projects they're proud of, etc. Make it as simple or ornate as you'd like! Without even realizing it, your child will be thinking about all the things that make them unique and interesting. This is a terrific way to take the focus off what they look like and put it on who they are. Have your kids add to their scrapbook whenever they'd like!
Take a field trip to the mall:
Since so many of the people we see in movies, magazines and on TV look a lot alike, it's easy for kids to forget that people really do come in so many different shapes and sizes. A good reminder is to bring them to a mall, preferable on a busy Saturday afternoon, grab a drink, sit on a bench and just watch the people passing by. Not only is this a simple way to get an important message across, it's also an excellent way to spend some one-on-one time with your child and let them know how important they are.
Role model exchange:
Ask your son/daughter to make a list of five people they admire or look up to. These can be people they know (an aunt, a favourite teacher) or someone who is famous for a special talent or accomplishment. While they're working on their list, start making your own. You can simply write their names down on paper or look for pictures of them to share. When you're both done, take turns talking about whom you chose and why you chose them. By discussing the traits that make someone a good role model, your child will realize that it's more important to have a big heart than a tiny waist.
While Superman, Batman and Ironman do a splendid job of keeping the streets safe in movieland, real life heroes don't always have ridiculously perfect physiques. It's important for kids to understand that there are heroes around them every day, doing amazing things without the help of a cape or perfectly chiselled muscles.
Spend some time talking about what makes someone a hero and think of people in your own community who fit the description. Everyday heroes can include people like doctors and nurses, teachers, police officers and firefighters, for example. Next, go visit your local firehouse or police station and meet these heroes in person. From what we see on TV (and firefighter calendars), it's easy to forget that some of the bravest and strongest people can look just like us! By seeing that ordinary looking people can do extraordinary things, your child will learn that they can grow up and accomplish amazing things as well.
The last thing we want is for our kids to let a negative self-image hold them back from being everything they want to be. We need to empower our kids with the kind of self-confidence that will encourage them to try new experiences and take on new challenges without letting body image worries get in the way, and we need to start NOW.
Self-worth shouldn't be measured in pounds.
The Golden-Globe winner told HuffPost Live how her father shaped her perspective on beauty: Beauty was very much on my mind. I had a father that would -- we would look up at billboards and he would say, "That's one version of beauty. You're another version of beauty. And she's a version of beauty. And that girl? She's another version of beauty." He always said that beauty came from within, and as much as you're younger and you're [sarcastically] like, "Yeah, beauty comes from within" -- no, beauty does come from within. I've met some of the most beautiful people, and sadly their heart is just not smiling, and that destroys it all. And then other people that aesthetically aren't considered as beautiful are the most gorgeous people I've ever seen in my life.
After the media focused on her alleged weight gain in September 2012, Gaga hit back at critics by baring her body in photographs, sharing her struggles with an eating disorder, and inviting her fans to join her in a "body revolution."
Adele says she tries not to worry about her body image and doesn't want to be a "skinny minnie." "The first thing to do is be happy with yourself and appreciate your body -- only then should you try to change things about yourself."
The actress took to Twitter to say, "I'm not trying to be hot. I'm just trying to be a good actress and entertain people."
In a powerful 2012 piece for Jezebel, the comedian responded to people who criticized her appearance: I grew up hard and am still hard and I don't care. I did not choose this face or this body and I have learned to live with it and love it and celebrate it and adorn it with tremendous drawings from the greatest artists in the world and I feel good and powerful like a nation that has never been free and now after many hard won victories is finally fucking free. I am beautiful and I am finally fucking free.
After the March 2012 frenzy around Judd's "puffy face," the actress fought back in The Daily Beast, calling the media out for making women's bodies "a source of speculation, ridicule, and invalidation, as if they belong to others."
The "Orange Is The New Black" actress wrote a powerful essay for Glamour about her struggles with self-esteem and journey to body love. She's now dedicated to making sure all body types are seen on-screen: "Ideally, I want to see all beauties, all shapes, all sizes, all skin tones, all backgrounds represented in my profession. Now that I am blessed to be that reflection I was once looking for, I’m making a promise to speak out for that little girl that I used to be."
Tate's essay about body image and motherhood not only broke the Internet; it has sparked a movement of "moms who stay in the picture."
The fitness blogger and personal trainer posted a poignant video in response to online commenters' criticism of her physique. "In this video, you will experience what it feels like to be constantly bombarded with outrageous negativity," Ho wrote in a blog post introducing the video. "You will see what it looks like to have your self-esteem stripped away. You will read real comments left by real people. You will see me struggle with my own appearance."
The "Precious" actress had the most incredible comeback to cruel comments about her weight.
On her informed, thoughtful blog "The Beheld," Autumn writes about beauty, body image, appearance and her two -- that's right, two -- mirror fasts.
Gruys went on a year-long mirror fast during which she did not study her reflection in mirrors or other reflective surfaces, or look at photographs of herself.
"I am always in support of someone who is willing and comfortable in their own skin enough to embrace it," the singer said in a recent interview.
At the 2012 New Yorker Festival, the magazine's TV critic, Emily Nussbaum, asked Lena Dunham, producer, creator and star of the hit HBO show "Girls," why Dunham is naked in so many scenes. Dunham responded, "I realized that what was missing in movies for me was the presence of bodies I understood." She said she plans to live until she is 105 and show her thighs every day.
Chung responded to critics who suggested that her slight frame made her a bad role model for young women, saying: "Just because I exist in this shape doesn't mean that I'm, like, advocating it."
The NYU student started the amazing Body Love Blog, where she posted this picture of herself and wrote an open letter to those who feel entitled to shame others for the size or look of their bodies.
This 5-foot-tall, 200-pound singer spoke openly about her weight to The Advocate, saying, "I feel sorry ... for people who've had skinny privilege and then have it taken away from them. I have had a lifetime to adjust to seeing how people treat women who aren't their idea of beautiful and therefore aren't their idea of useful, and I had to find ways to become useful to myself."
In 2013 interview with Parade, Kaling said that she was tired of being discussing her appearance: "I always get asked, 'Where do you get your confidence?' I think people are well meaning, but it's pretty insulting. Because what it means to me is, 'You, Mindy Kaling, have all the trappings of a very marginalized person. You're not skinny, you're not white, you're a woman. Why on earth would you feel like you're worth anything?'"
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