In the span of 12 months, there will be seven new babies coming into this world from my dearest friends. The questions are now coming at me fast and furious about diapers, crib mattresses, and most recently a Johnson & Johnson Baby product that claims to be "98% natural."
Typically (and misleadingly), cosmetics companies like to refer to their products as "natural" when the ingredients are derived from plant sources. What is never made clear to the consumer, and what the consumer would likely never think to question, is what this actually means. Is there a limit on how many steps and processes an ingredient can go through from plant to cream and still be labelled as natural? The short answer is no.
So how are companies like Johnson & Johnson defining the word "plant"? Does it refer to the plants we are familiar with that grow from the ground, or is a more accurate definition the kind of plant where things are manufactured and processed -- a factory, if you will?
My immediate approach would be to shame Johnson & Johnson for their false advertising, misleading labelling and poster-product of healthwashing, targeting parents who are trying choose the very best for their babies. However, Warren Brander, who has far more experience than I do in this area as head of Research and Development for Thera Wise, offers a more optimistic take on it:
"I will applaud Johnson & Johnson for finally coming to the table, albeit a decade late, and only after the data says that natural personal care is the only category that is consistently increasing year after year! I see this as a win for the consumer movement that because of their purchasing decisions, they have forced a dinosaur to offer something better and in doing so millions of tons of toxic run-off will not contaminate our waterways (and bodies)."
Now that being said, they could do better. Is their baby care lotion really 98 per cent natural? Not from what I can tell. I consulted with experts in the truly natural beauty and cosmetic world to get their comment on some of the more alarming ingredients Johnson & Johnson has in their baby products.
What's In This Baby Chemical Cocktail?
Hydrogenated Cottonseed Oil: Whether put on our skin or ingested, all oils should be organic, or at the very least certified non-GMO. Toxins hang on for dear life to fat cells both in plants and in humans, carrying a higher concentration of any potential toxins that may exist. According to Brander, "cottonseed oil is an industrial by-product and the most heavily sprayed commodity on the planet. It is the world's dirtiest crop, using 16 per cent of all insecticides used worldwide."
Graydon Moffat, creator of Clinical Luxury by Nature further explains that "cottonseed oil is one of the cheapest vegetable oils out there. And hydrogenated oils are horrendous to ingest, so why put them on the skin of your most precious and most vulnerable baby?"
What are these toxins? Nadine Artemis, alchemist and creator of Living Libations, outlines that hydrogenated cottonseed oil "contains the toxins gossypol, aflatoxin, and cyclopropenoid fatty acids, in addition to residual pesticides, fertilizers, and chemicals used in the refining process. Cottonseed is also often contaminated with heavy metals, like mercury, and PCBs."
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate: This is an emulsifier produced from vegetable oils, usually from GMO, non-organically grown soybean oil and palm oils full of toxins. According to Artemis, it can be a skin irritant and allergenic.
Benzoic Acid: Many of the ingredients, though tested and proven safe according to industry standards, may not be appropriate for babies. Benzoic acid falls into this category. Bander explains that benzoic acid is a "good preservative/pH adjuster," however in his products, he prefers to stay away from anything with a benzene ring chemical structure. Even though you could consider it "natural" as it occurs (0.005 per cent) in most berries, apples and more, he takes issue with the accumulation -- the concentration in cosmetics vs. food is usually much more. There seems to be enough data to suggest human and environmental safety, but there have been some concerning studies relating it to skin irritation and reduction in organ weight.
What we put on the skin sinks into the skin and enters the bloodstream. "Benzoic acid used in cosmetics is an industrial product derived from oxidizing the petrochemical toulene," explains Artemis. "There is concern that when benzoic acid is combined with ascorbic acid, vitamin C, it forms benzene, which is a dangerous carcinogen."
Cetearyl Alcohol: The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Cetearyl Alcohol warns, "Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation." What else do we need to know?
Parfum: Parfum seems to be the fancy word for fragrance, better known as chemical cocktail. Apparently the parfum is some kind of Johnson & Johnson proprietary blend of light, sweet, vanilla scents. I thought babies smelled pretty darn sweet all on their own, but I suppose the parfum is required to cover up the smell of all the hydrogenated and genetically modified oils which certainly don't smell like roses, vanilla or a sweet and lovely baby. The fragrance in Johnson & Johnson's baby "naturals" is derived from non-specified fruit, vegetable oils, and sugars, so the data is limited. "What we do know is that the fruit and vegetables were not grown organically and are heavily processed and refined, which leaves lingering chemical contamination. Also, applying sugars to immature skin is an invitation to bacterial and fungal infections," explains Artemis.
Is this actually something to worry about?
Johnson & Johnson explains that they offer "the only line of baby skin products that combines 98 per cent naturally derived ingredients with over 100 years of baby care expertise." Now might be a good time to remind the parents-to-be and the rest of us that for the better part of the last 100 years, Johnson & Johnson was recommending (and still does!) sweetly fragranced petroleum oil for babies (known more commonly as baby oil). We can say that it's okay because yes, we may have all been slathered in waste product from the fuel industry, and we turned out okay, but then we remember that nearly half of all men and one in three women will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime, and that there have been dramatic increases in infertility, autoimmune diseases and so much more.
Are we really turning out okay? Maybe all of this does matter.
What would the experts recommend instead?
The best thing to put on your newborn's skin is actually nothing for as long as you can. Brander recommends the following tips:
-- First, try a spot test of a plant-based butter or oil (think raw coconut oil, tamanu oil, rosehip seed oil or argan oil).
-- If dealing with diaper rash, let the area air dry.
-- Plant based, unprocessed ingredients will soak into the skin, moisturize and allow the skin to breathe and heal.
-- Plant based, unprocessed moisturizers have a bio-affinity with human skin and act in a way that that our cells responds to.
The great news is that often times, the big guys out there take the lead from consumer demand and parents want better. And there is better out there -- there is great, in fact. My top recommendations would be:
It is important to remember that what we put on our skin enters our body and if we wouldn't eat it or feed it to our babies, maybe we shouldn't be using it at all. As I always say, when in doubt, keep it out.
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