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Rachel Décoste


China-Nexen Deal: National Buoy or Ball and Chain?

Posted: 12/06/2012 7:39 am

The federal government is expected to make a decision on whether to approve or reject the takeover of Nexen by a Chinese state-run company. The deadline is December 10. The major concerns in the general public seem to revolve around China's human rights record and an apparent aversion to Asian culture, or around possible government interference with private business dealings and their financial windfall. Perhaps some other considerations should be at play.

When the Chinese state ventures abroad, it does so with a clear end-goal. For example, China started investing heavily in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1990s, with Sino-African trade volume growing from US$1 billion in 1980 to US$6.5 billion in 1999. Building partnerships with unstable governments, building infrastructure and mutual trust, China challenged colonial chokeholds and American imperialism in the Dark Continent. Trade practically doubled annually to reach US$114 billion in 2010.

Today, those newly-paved roads are being utilized to drive in cheap Chinese goods, and drive out natural resources. The "sleeping dragon" was wide awake all along. Its carefully crafted master plan was consummated -- a 15 to 25-year snare plan corresponding to China's requisite for (a) developing new export markets, and (b) seizing desperately-needed natural resources.

While China's alluring eyes have landed Canada's shores for good reason, it raises the question: what's Canada's long-term game plan? Do we even have one?

It behooves a responsible government to determine what role Canada should play in this key industry over the next quarter century. Developing a clear vision for our most precious resources is a primary step in this exercise. A skillful leader would devise a strategic plan to fulfill that objective before deciding which international deals are aligned with it.

Any rearward decision-making process hinging on knee-jerk intercultural reactions, quick paydays or short-sighted goals is detrimental to our country as a whole. Like it or not, Canada's natural resource sector can morph into a national buoy or a ball and chain. Careful forethought is required to navigate these waters. One certainly hopes the country's primary sector is not being administered like a rudderless ship.

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  • Celtic Exploration

    The federal government approved the takeover of Alberta-based Celtic Exploration by Texas-based ExxonMobil in February 2013. The deal was believed to be worth $3.1 billion.

  • CNOOC-Nexen Takeover

    Calgary-based energy leader Nexen is in the middle of a massive takeover bid worth more than $15-billion by China energy China National Offshore Oil Company, or CNOOC. The deal is currently being reviewed by Canadian Industry Minister Christian Paradis.

  • Petronas' Progress Energy Takeover

    Stakeholders in natural gas producer Progress Energy Resources Corp. have approved a $6-billion takeover of the company by a subsidiary of Malaysia's state-owned Petronas. Meanwhile, the company said the sale to Petronas Carigali Canada Ltd. is not being opposed by the federal government under the Competition Act, which requires major takeover deals to be of net benefit to Canada.

  • Kuwait Petroleum

    Kuwait's state-owned petroleum company, Kuwait Petroleum Corp., has reportedly signed a preliminary deal to invest as much as $4-billion in a joint venture with Athabasca Oil Corp., for an investment to develop some of Athabasca's (TSX:ATH) oilsands properties in northern Alberta.

  • Petrochina

    In 2009, Athabasca sold a 60 per cent interest in its MacKay River and Dover oilsands lands to PetroChina. In Early 2012, Athabasca exercised its option to sell the rest of MacKay River to PetroChina, making it the first oilsands operation to be fully controlled by a Chinese company.


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