A former colleague holds complete conversations in his head with people with whom he is angry. He rarely speaks directly with the other person. This anger in his mind continues to build because of his frustration, yet he never lets the other person know that he is frustrated and subsequently angry.
His conflict avoidance almost cost him his marriage because he didn't let his wife into the conversations he was having with her (but by himself).
It was almost too late by the time he did bring her into the real conversation.
His need to avoid confrontation is so strong that he has a safe confrontation in his mind and feels that he has dealt with the issue. As you can imagine, this doesn't work -- especially for the other person involved.
Are you guilty of holding mental conflicts and confrontations?
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Many people are uncomfortable when it comes to confrontation. I understand the concept of having the conversation in your head so you can plan out what you want to say and how you want to say it. Sometimes these mental conversations are enough to settle the issue, as you realize you are making too much out of a simple situation.
I know that I have spent hours lying in bed at night having conversations with people with whom I am angry and frustrated. Not only does this practice disrupt your sleep, your attitude and your health, it never really resolves the issue and is potentially damaging to your relationships.
Don't get me wrong, I don't believe that you need to confront every action. If you have the conversation once in your head, don't worry about it. If it comes back and you have it again, perhaps start thinking about holding a real conversation.
By the third in-your-head confrontation, you need to start planning how you will deal with the real confrontation because it looks as if you are going to need to do that.
So, how do you hold a real and necessary conflict or confrontation?
Start by preparing yourself to confront the real issue. Be able to state the issue in one (or two), non-emotional, factual based sentences.
For example, assume you want to confront your coworker for taking all of the credit for the work that the two of you did together on a project. Instead of saying, "You took all the credit, blah, blah, blah..." and venting your frustration, which is what you might say in your mind, rephrase your approach using the above guidelines.
Defending why you feel the way you do will generally just create an argument.
Say instead, "It looks as if I played no role in the Johnson account. My name does not appear anywhere on the document, nor have I been given credit anywhere that I can see."
(I've used additional communication techniques such as "I language" in this statement. Notice that I avoided using the words "I feel" because that is an emotional statement, without proof and facts. The facts in this statement cannot be disputed, but an "I feel" statement is easy for your coworker to refute.)
Make your initial statement and stop talking.
When the person you are confronting responds, allow them to respond. It's a human tendency, but don't make the mistake of adding to your initial statement, to further justify the statement.
Defending why you feel the way you do will generally just create an argument. Say what you want to say (the confrontation), then just allow the other person to respond.
Especially since you've probably held the conversation in your head a few times, you may think you know how the other person is going to respond. But, it's a mistake to jump to that point before they have the opportunity to respond. Resist the temptation to say anything else at this point. Let them respond.
Avoid arguing during the confrontation.
Confrontation does not mean fight. It means that you need to state what you have to say. Listen to what they have to say. Many times it actually ends right there.
Do you need to prove the other person right or wrong? Does someone have to take the blame? Get your frustration off your chest, and move on.
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Figure out the conflict resolution you want before the confrontation.
If you approached your coworker with the initial statement, "You took all the credit, blah, blah, blah..." her response is likely going to be quite defensive. Perhaps she'll say something like, "Yes, you have been given credit. I said both of our names to the boss just last week."
If you already know what you are looking for in the confrontation, this is where you move the conversation. Don't get into an argument about whether she did or didn't mention anything to the boss last week -- that isn't really the issue and don't let it distract you from accomplishing the goal of the confrontation.
Your response could be, "I would appreciate if in the future that we use both of our names on any documentation and include each other in all of the correspondence about the project."
Focus on the real issue of the confrontation.
The other party will either agree or disagree. Keep to the issue at this point and avoid all temptation to get into an argument. Negotiate, but don't fight.
The issue is you aren't receiving credit, and you want your name on the documentation. That's it. It isn't about blame, about who is right or wrong or anything other than your desired resolution.
You will rarely look forward to confrontation; you may never become completely comfortable with or even skilled in confrontation. However, it is important that you say something when you are frustrated and angry. If you can't stand up for yourself, who will?
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Low-talking is a Jack Donaghy-tested tactic in negotiations. Speak quietly and your disputant has no choice but to work that much harder to contend with you.
Knowing your stuff can boost confidence levels, although some people have been known to fake it until they make it -- something we don't advise. Instead, call your opponent's bluff by checking their facts, too.
By perking up your ears to your fellow debater's argument, you can refine your own. Also, those who take the time to listen before they speak appear in control, according to psychiatrist and author Julian Short. "The less invasive you are, the more potent you are," he told Stylist.co.uk.
Find your rival's weakness to tip him/her off balance. Try asking questions in quick succession, the video above suggests. You can even make your opponent sweat by asking them to prove their claims or answer hypothetical questions -- just make sure you stay in control, Lifehack.org advises.
When your contender goes off on a tangent, don't take the bait. Your adversary might try to trick you this way, Focus.com says. "Take this as a sign that he feels threatened you'll win, and steer the subject back to the original," the site advises.
Whether you mean it or not, apologizing may catch your opponent off-guard giving you the upper hand, according to the video above.
While unruly emotions may rear their ugly heads during heated arguments, arguing without emotion is impossible (and kind of pointless). Instead, keep emotions under control, or use them to sway your opponent if you think they'll bite. Which brings us to the next tip...
You can use an iron fist to maintain authority during an argument, but don't lose your cool. Control your anger during an argument, avoid using hurtful language, and never ever use violence, Pickthebrain.com says.
To resolve a dispute, let your opponent think they came up with a solution you had in mind all along, the video suggests.
You can't lose if you don't speak. You can even try using non-verbal cues to persuade your rival, such as mirroring their stance, aligning yourself with the other person to diffuse confrontation, or using a hands-down gesture to calm tempers, according to Forbes.com.
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