Campaign season for Canada’s 2019 federal election is well underway, and the parties have started releasing their platforms.
The Oct. 21 election will elect members to the 43rd Canadian Parliament. Some of the defining issues parties will be tackling in their campaigns this year include climate change, affordability, jobs, and ethics.
Promises are already being made for parental leave, tax credits for parents, and the Canada Child Benefit. We’ll keep this list updated throughout the campaign, but here are the platform issues that directly affect parents that have been revealed so far:
1. The Liberal platform
The promise: Culture passes for kids
What it means: Liberals promise to give every Canadian child a $200 “Culture Pass” when they turn 12 to help pay for cultural activities. The one-time pass could be used access “theatres, museums, galleries, workshops, and other cultural venues and local Canadian content,” according to the party’s platform.
The promise: Boost the Canada Child Benefit
What it means: If re-elected, Liberals would increase the Canada Child Benefit by 15 per cent for children under one, which would be an increase of up to $1,000.
The promise: Make maternity and parental leave benefits tax-free.
What it means: No taxes will be taken off EI cheques when parents get them.
The promise: New leave for adoptive parents
What it means: Adoptive parents get the same benefits as other parents. That means an extra $7,000 in parental leave payments for the average family who could claim the proposed new leave.
The promise: More before and after school child-care spaces
What it means: The Liberal government would work with provincial and territorial governments to create up to 250,000 more spaces for children enrolled in programs offered before and after school. The will also cut the child care fees by 10 per cent.
The promise: Guaranteed paid family leave for families who don’t qualify for EI
What it means: “Parents who don’t qualify for paid leave through Employment Insurance or don’t get enough, because they’re between jobs, earn little, or haven’t worked enough hours, will receive a guaranteed income during the first year of their child’s life,” the Liberal website explains. This would launch in 2021, CBC News adds.
2. The Conservative platform
The promise: Tax credits for sports and arts programs
What it means: If Andrew Scheer is elected, parents would receive up to $150 back on their taxes per child up to the age of 16 for enrolling their kids in sports and fitness classes, and another $75 for putting them in arts and learning programs, including dance class.
The promise: Help with college and university savings plans
What it means: The Conservatives are proposing to increase Ottawa’s contribution to the registered education savings plan (RESP) from 20 per cent to 30 per cent for every dollar families add to the savings program, up to $2,500 per year.
The promise: Maternity and parental leave tax credit
What it means: Scheer said the “tax free” plan could save new parents $4,000 based on an annual income of $50,000 (experts have pointed out what he is actually proposing is a tax refund of 15 per cent).
3. The NDP platform
The promise: Shorter parental leaves with full benefits.
What it means: New parents could condense their employment insurance benefits so they can take shorter parental leaves while still receiving the full benefit. NDP leader Jagmeet Singh said this would give flexibility to families that can’t afford to live on 33 per cent of their salaries for a full 18-month leave period.
The promise: “Quality, affordable child care when you need it.”
What it means: Singh said an NDP government would spend $10 billion over the next four years to create 500,000 new child-care spaces in Canada with the goal of offering free services for some parents. Singh said prices would be capped at $10 a day.
The promise: Affordable post-secondary education
What it means: Specifics have yet to be released, but the campaign website promises it will work with the provinces and territories to “cap and reduce tuition fees and building towards making post-secondary education part of our public education system.” They will also increase access to non-repayable Canada Student Grants.
The promise: Ending funding discrimination for children.
What it means: If elected, the NDP will “make sure that all First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children, young people, and families are treated with the respect and care that they deserve.” This will include resourcing Indigenous jurisdiction over child welfare systems, work with the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society to implement the Spirit Bear Plan, and fully implement Jordan’s Principle.
4. The Green Party platform
The promise: Free post-secondary tuition
What it means: Eliminate post-secondary education tuition and forgive the portion of existing student debt that is held by the federal government.
The promise: Affordable child care for all children
What it means: “A Green government will collaborate with provinces/territories, local communities, Indigenous communities and the child-care sector to ensure that a comprehensive short-, medium- and long-term policy road map – based on the principles of universality, affordability, quality, inclusivity and equity – finally becomes a reality,” their party platform website notes.
“A Green Party government will immediately begin to ramp up federal child care funding to achieve the international benchmark of at least one per cent of GDP annually, adding an additional $1 billion each year until this benchmark is reached with a mature ELCC system. We will eliminate GST on all construction costs related to child-care spaces.”
With files from The Canadian Press
WATCH: Liberals and Conservatives focus on kids.