Trigger warning: This article contains information about violence which may be triggering to survivors.
Following Justice William Horkins' not guilty verdict in the Jian Ghomeshi trial on Thursday, social media sites lit up with the hashtag #IBelieveSurvivors.
Lead by politicians, feminists, advocacy groups and women across the country, the hashtag brings up the issues around victim shaming and women reporting sexual assault allegations to police. But more importantly, as many point out, it's the ongoing conversation about believing women.
Canada’s New Democratic Party leader Tom Mulclair wrote a post on Medium on Thursday. He stated that not only is sexual assault a crime, but it's a crime that is "seldom reported and that leads even less frequently to a conviction."
"This must change and we can all be part of changing this unacceptable reality," he wrote. "I believe we need to strengthen protections for survivors of sexual assault. I believe that access to comprehensive support services for survivors should be a right. And most importantly, I believe survivors."
— Tom Mulcair (@ThomasMulcair) March 24, 2016
Other politicians also sent their support to survivors.
— Andrea Horwath (@AndreaHorwath) March 24, 2016
Verdict aside the #Ghomeshi trial has confirmed for me that Canada's criminal + legal system is bias against sexual assault survivors.
— Kristyn Wong-Tam (@kristynwongtam) March 24, 2016
Journalist and co-creator of #BeenRapedNeverReported Antonia Zerbisias tweeted we need conversation now more than ever.
— Antonia Zerbisias (@AntoniaZ) March 24, 2016
More importantly, as actress Margaret Cho notes, this verdict means we need to continue fighting for all survivors.
— Margaret Cho (@margaretcho) March 24, 2016
Advocacy groups have also brought attention to the fact that a ruling like this one may prevent women who have been sexually assaulted to report the crime to police.
— Jazz M (@y2jasmine) March 24, 2016
— Farrah Khan (@farrah_khan) March 24, 2016
— YWCA Toronto (@YWCAToronto) March 24, 2016
If the threshold for conviction was not met here, nobody has a hope in hell of getting their abuser convicted. #IBelieveSurvivors
— Julie S. Lalonde (@JulieSLalonde) March 24, 2016
The other focus on social media sites was around how the Canadian legal system in general doesn't protect women.
— Aadita Chaudhury (@ThylacineReport) March 24, 2016
— Lauren SheDevil (@DameSavage77) March 24, 2016
— Meaghan Derynck (@MeaghanDerynck) March 24, 2016
Some women even shared their own personal experiences with sexual assault.
— Melanie Roscoe (@Melamalie) March 24, 2016
Mom always told me to write everything down if something happened to me. I thought she was being ridiculous. She wasn't. #IBelieveSurvivors
— Jessica McCormick (@jessmccormick) March 24, 2016
Outside Toronto's Old City Hall, protesters held up posters with phrases like, "rape is rape," "stop victim blaming" and "support the survivors."
— Manisha Krishnan (@ManishaKrishnan) March 24, 2016
— Hilary Beaumont (@HilaryBeaumont) March 24, 2016
— Sarah Boesveld (@sarahboesveld) March 24, 2016
In 2014, after women first spoke up about their sexual assault allegations by Ghomeshi, the hashtags #IBelieveLucy and #IBelieveThem also put the focus on survivors. Actress Lucy DeCoutere, the only witness to waive her right to a publication ban of her name, first told her side of the story to The Toronto Star.
In Canada, there are 460,000 sexual assaults every year, according to women's service organization YWCA Canada, and only 33 out of every 100 sexual assaults are reported to the police. Twenty nine incidents are recorded as a crime, three lead to convictions and annually, 997 assailants out of 1,000 walk free.
The former CBC host faced five charges: four counts of sexual assault and one count of overcoming resistance by choking. He pleaded not guilty to all five charges against him in 2015.
Ghomeshi faces another sexual assault charge and a separate trial will hear that case in June.
With files from Zi-Ann Lum and Bria John